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Healthcare during pandemic outbreak challenges and how to address them

  • Dr. K M Marium Ava Mitumoni

William Shakespeare once said, “When sorrows come, they come not single spies, but in battalions” and yes we are passing such a moment right now.

Life is too hard to survive. Every day we are hearing much more sad news and facing many problems. Sometimes it is quite difficult to handle the situation that increases our mental and physical stress. The reason is not unknown, that is COVID19 or Corona Pandemic. Day by day it is increasing the transmission rate as well as the mortality rate respectively. Still now there is no established vaccination and medication for prevention and management. Though this viral infection spreads through respiratory droplets, only social distance and maintaining personal hygiene can be the protective measure for this crisis. So it is very important to care our physical, mental and social wellbeing during this crucial moment.

Health, according to WHO “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”.The accomplishment of any state in the advancement and insurance of wellbeing is of incentive to all. Inconsistent advancement in various nations in the advancement of wellbeing and control of maladies, particularly transferable sickness, is a typical threat. Key factors that have been found to influence whether people are healthy or unhealthy include the following:

Income and social status, Social support networks, Education and literacy, Employment/working conditions, Social environments, Physical environments, Personal health practices and coping skills, Healthy child development, Biology and genetics, Health care services, Gender, Culture.

How can we maintain our health:

Practice Basic Hygiene: A critical worry in the current circumstance is the means by which best to abstain from getting and spreading sickness. Following great cleanliness practices and fundamental proposals from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is significant. Wash your hands regularly with cleanser and water, clean every now and again contacted surfaces day by day, and spread hacks and sniffles. Nearby governments may have extra proposals, for example, stay-at-home or safe house set up orders.

Maintain Healthy lifestyle: Maintaining healthy exercise, nutrition, and sleep habits may feel especially challenging during this time, but these habits are critical for managing health. Engaging in moderate physical activity is one of the best things for supporting a healthy immune system and managing stress. Try for 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise daily, whether dancing, lifting weights, practicing yoga or aerobics at home, or taking a walk or run outside. If you exercise outdoors, ensure you adhere to local stay-at-home orders and maintain a 6 foot or greater distance from others. Regular gurgling with warm water can reduce the number of propagation of virus at upper respiratory tract. That’s why less number of viruses can enter into lower respiratory tract which is less symptomatic to affected person.

Maintain healthy food habits: Though we know COVID 19 positive patient has more mortality rate those have low immunity like older aged person with comorbid disease like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, liver disease, kidney disease. So it is very important to improve our immunity. Our maximum immunity depends on our food and few are humoral antibody. So to improve our immunity we all should maintain balanced diet with high rich protein. Practicing self-discipline and avoiding over eating. Minimize sweets and sugary drink. It appears unlikely that Corona virus is transmitted via food but precautions should be taken to minimize the risk of food borne illness spread.

Maintain adequate sleep: Good sleep can boost the immune system and lower stress levels. Anxiety and disruption to daily routines can make falling asleep more difficult. Department of Health and Human Services and the nation’s leading medical research agency “Immune system activation alters sleep, and sleep in turn affects the innate and adaptive arm of our body’s defense system.”  While the amount of sleep needed for good health and optimum performance mostly depends on the individual, the CDC recommends adults age 18-60 years get seven or more hours of sleep per night.

Adapt to pressure and nervousness: Positively adapt to pressure and tension incited by new precautionary measures we should all currently take to battle the spread of COVID-19 in our networks. Positive ways of dealing with stress would incorporate exercise, reflection, perusing, further building up specific abilities or leisure activities and so on. Utilize this time to expand your day by day redundancy of these positive exercises and grow new or far and away superior schedules than you may have clung to preceding the development of the current COVID-19 pandemic.

Stay connected: Talking with friends and family while in isolation can help decrease the nervousness and occurrences of feeling down. Set aside some effort to use the large numbers of innovations and applications that can assist you with keeping in contact with those you love. Our bustling lives before the COVID-19 may have constrained how frequently we associated with far off friends and family, presently the chance to completely misuse these cutting edge abilities for partnership, friendship, and brotherhood.

Self-care: Take time to take care of yourself. Be supportive and suggest the same for those close to you. Meditation, relaxation, quality time with family, personal care of yourself promotes overall wellness.

The direction above is to improve by and large wellbeing and health. It would be ideal if you know that despite the fact that eating nutritious nourishments, physical movement, sufficient rest and dealing with our emotional well-being makes us stronger, it is anything but a fix nor does it ensure insusceptibility from contracting COVID-19. Notwithstanding these proposals, above all else make certain to rehearse CDC direction on social separating, self-care, self-isolate, wearing of fabric veils when social removing is preposterous and conversing with your supplier about any worries you may have in regards to your wellbeing. On the off chance that you have a health related crisis, visit a crisis room. In the event that you have a physical issue or ailment random to COVID-19, make certain to visit Urgent Care Center. On the off chance that you have questions or don’t know precisely what to do, call the 333 or Sasthobatayan 16263.


The author is currently working as a Graduate Assistant at NSU (North South University) and Research Assistant at CDA(Centre for Development Action).

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